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Traditional Chinese Medicine

Traditional Chinese medicine, or TCM, originated from China about 5,000 years ago, and it was developed based on the understanding the relationships between the human body and the environment. This form of medicinal practice takes into account the influences of nature and the cosmos. It also incorporates Chinese philosophical and biological theories, such as the Yin-yang, the Zang Fu theory, the Meridian system, and the Five Phases. Some of the common TCM practices include Chinese herbalism, dietary therapy, acupuncture, and Shiatsu and Tui Na massage. It was only in the 1950s that modern TCM became a recognized medical system in the western world.

General History of Medicine


  • Bound Feet: An overview of footbinding in China.
  • Chinese Footbinding: A BBC article that discusses the history, practice, and hazards of footbinding.
  • The Shoe Man: Compelling discussion on the reasons and effects of footbinding in the Chinese society.


Herbs and Herbology



Ancient Surgery

  • Surgery in Ancient China: The application of surgery and other forms of medical treatment in ancient China.
  • Hare-Lip Surgery: A detailed account of the advancement of hare-lip surgery throughout the history of China.
  • Evidence of Skull Surgery: A report on the discovery of archaeological evidence showing that skull surgery was performed in ancient China.


Image Attribution