Medical and Clinical Research Glossary
abdomen - The section of the body between the pelvis and the chest.
abscess - A collection of pus in a cavity within tissue. Often related to infections.
acute - Severe, but not lasting long.
adenitis - The swelling of a gland.
adenoma - A noncancerous tumor of gland tissue. They can grow malignant over time.
adrenal glands - Sits on top of the kidneys and regulates stress response. Creates adrenaline.
aorta - The largest artery. Carries blood out of the heart to the rest of the body.
ascorbic acid - Vitamin C.
autoimmune disease - A condition where a person's antibodies begin to attack their own body.
bile - Aids in digestion, produced in the liver, secreted by the gallbladder.
calciferol - Vitamin D.
canker - An open sore in the mouth.
carcinogen - Substance that has been proven to cause cancer.
carotid - The main artery in the neck, supplies blood to the brain.
cerumen - Ear wax.
cirrhosis - Inflammation of the liver that results in scarring and shrinkage of the liver.
dilation - Expanding, dilating a person's pupils would enlarge them.
ECG (EKG) - Electrocardiogram.
epilepsy - A central nervous system disorder causing seizures.
epistaxis - A nosebleed.
fever - Abnormally high body temperature.
fructose - Sugar found in fruit.
gastric - Having to do with the stomach.
gland - An organ that releases a chemical.
gout - Arthritis caused by uric acid in the joints.
hemophilia - A genetic disorder that causes blood to not clot properly.
hypochondriac - The belief that one is constantly sick. An abnormal obsession about health.
inoculation - Injecting a mild form of a disease to form an immunity to it.
larynx - The voice box.
lacrimation - The release of tears from the eyes.
lymph - A clear yellowish fluid. Carried from the skin to the blood.
mania - A mental disorder consisting of extreme energy.
meningitis - Inflammation of the meninges caused by an infection. An infection of the brain, very serious.
murmur - An extra sound caused by the heart.
necrosis - Death of tissue.
nevus - A mole or discolored spot on the skin.
oncology - The study of tumors and cancers.
osteoporosis - A bone disorder which results in a lowered bone density. Mostly found in older women.
palpate - To feel with fingers.
phobia - An unreasonable, abnormal fear.
platelet - The smallest component of blood, used in blood clotting.
prognosis - The likely outcome of a disease.
reflux - A flow in the opposite direction, such as in acid reflux.
relapse - The return of a disease after it's disappearance.
salve - An ointment or cream.
sepsis - An infection that has spread into the bloodstream. A very serious condition.
sternum - The breast bone.
tendon - A fibrous tissue connecting muscle to bone.
thrush - An infection of yeast into the mouth.
triage - The process of prioritizing patient care based on severity of injury and chance of survival.
wart - A small abnormal growth of skin caused by a virus.
More Medical Resources:
- MCC Paramedic Glossary List
- Glossary of Medical/Anesthesia Terms
- Glossary of Cancer-Related Terms
- Online Nursing Programs