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Medical and Clinical Research Glossary

abdomen - The section of the body between the pelvis and the chest.

abscess - A collection of pus in a cavity within tissue. Often related to infections.


acute - Severe, but not lasting long.


adenitis - The swelling of a gland.


adenoma - A noncancerous tumor of gland tissue. They can grow malignant over time.


adrenal glands - Sits on top of the kidneys and regulates stress response. Creates adrenaline.


aorta - The largest artery. Carries blood out of the heart to the rest of the body.


ascorbic acid - Vitamin C.


autoimmune disease - A condition where a person's antibodies begin to attack their own body.


bile - Aids in digestion, produced in the liver, secreted by the gallbladder.


calciferol - Vitamin D.


canker - An open sore in the mouth.


carcinogen - Substance that has been proven to cause cancer.


carotid - The main artery in the neck, supplies blood to the brain.


cerumen - Ear wax.


cirrhosis - Inflammation of the liver that results in scarring and shrinkage of the liver.


dilation - Expanding, dilating a person's pupils would enlarge them.


ECG (EKG) - Electrocardiogram.


epilepsy - A central nervous system disorder causing seizures.


epistaxis - A nosebleed.


fever - Abnormally high body temperature.


fructose - Sugar found in fruit.


gastric - Having to do with the stomach.


gland - An organ that releases a chemical.


gout - Arthritis caused by uric acid in the joints.


hemophilia - A genetic disorder that causes blood to not clot properly.


hypochondriac - The belief that one is constantly sick. An abnormal obsession about health.


inoculation - Injecting a mild form of a disease to form an immunity to it.


larynx - The voice box.


lacrimation - The release of tears from the eyes.


lymph - A clear yellowish fluid. Carried from the skin to the blood.


mania - A mental disorder consisting of extreme energy.


meningitis - Inflammation of the meninges caused by an infection. An infection of the brain, very serious.


murmur - An extra sound caused by the heart.


necrosis - Death of tissue.


nevus - A mole or discolored spot on the skin.


oncology - The study of tumors and cancers.


osteoporosis - A bone disorder which results in a lowered bone density. Mostly found in older women.


palpate - To feel with fingers.


phobia - An unreasonable, abnormal fear.


platelet - The smallest component of blood, used in blood clotting.


prognosis - The likely outcome of a disease.


reflux - A flow in the opposite direction, such as in acid reflux.


relapse - The return of a disease after it's disappearance.


salve - An ointment or cream.


sepsis - An infection that has spread into the bloodstream. A very serious condition.


sternum - The breast bone.


tendon - A fibrous tissue connecting muscle to bone.


thrush - An infection of yeast into the mouth.


triage - The process of prioritizing patient care based on severity of injury and chance of survival.


wart - A small abnormal growth of skin caused by a virus.

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